This high mountain natural reserve is home to several animal species, such as deer, ibex, chamois, eagles and vultures. The vegetation is also diverse, with rare plants such as the edelweiss and glacier crowfoot surviving in this habitat. In the Stelvio National Park, the waters of the glaciers are vital to the plant and animal world, as well as humans.

Amidst the Ortler Cevedale Mountains lie ten valley communities, which help to ensure the preservation of the Stelvio National Park. The people of Stilfs/Stelvio, Prad/Prato, Glurns/Glorenza, Taufers im Münstertal/Tubre in Val Monastero, Mals/Malles, Laas/Lasa, Schlanders/Silandro, Martell/Martello, Latsch/Laces and Ultental/Ultimo Valley do their utmost to preserve the continuity and diversity of this splendid region. Local products are highly valued and are mostly produced according to farming traditions.