Flora and fauna in the National Park
Cold weather, storms, intensive rays or a continuously dark place far below the snow -
what can survive in these circumstances? Plants and animals have developed incredible strategies in order to survive the harsh conditions of the high mountain ranges. Discover more during your holidays in the Stelvio National Park!
The Glacier Buttercup and the Alpine Bells are well protected under the snow. Their blossom time begins when the snow has melted so far, that the sunrays actually reach the ground. This is how the Glacier Buttercup can survive at a higher altitude than any other blooming plant. At 4,275 metres above sea level, it holds the record in the Alps. The lilac blossoms of the Alpine Bells show their colour immediately when the snow begins to melt. With its strikingly bright colour, the primrose attracts pollinating insects. The Mountain Avens grow roots on top of the debris. During the late summer months, the marmot begins to collect hay and sleeps for six to seven months during the winter. His energy demand is taken care of by the body fat it has accumulated during the summer months. The Alpine ibex is known to be one of the most exquisite climbers in the Alpine region and its jump can cover several metres. The chamois is also a fantastic climber. Its sharp hooves splay, giving these animals additional stability on the rocky ground.