In the past few decades there have seen significant research activity in the Stelvio National Park. Scientific studies largely based on field research have focused on species protection.

Thanks to such research, the formerly displaced bearded vulture has been successfully reintroduced into the wild. The population of golden eagles in the region as well as their behavioural patterns is under permanent observation. Red deer, chamois and marmots are also the subject of scientific research. Some twenty species of bats also inhabit the territory, in a relatively circumscribed territory.

At the five Visitor Centres of the Stelvio National Park, interactive research material is presented to students and members of the public.